Thankas, Buddhas and Deities

A thanka is the portrait of a Tibetan deity, common in Tibetan sacred art. The central part of the thanka serves to support the divine image. More than a painting, in the western sense is a tapestry. They are paintings done on a flat surface of cotton or silk using natural pigments of plant and animal origin. The protagonist of these thankas, beautifully made by Pilar Velasco with a delicate technique of oil, are buddhas and deities, enlightened beings that appear under different aspects, as tantric buddhas, spiritual guides … to benefit sentient beings. Buddhism is a non-theistic religion. It has no divinities. It is considered an atheistic religion (which does not believe in the existence of gods). It belongs to the Dharmic family and, according to the Hindu-Vedic philosophy, of Nastika type. Many buddhist schools recognize no deity, while others do. But it not provides deities, it just believe in the existence of spirit and mind. 

014 PADMASAMBHAVA (GURU RIMPOCHE en tibetano)Buddhism developed from the teachings spread by its founder, Siddhartha Gautama, around the V century BC in northwestern India. His father, Suddhodana, was the governor of a district near the Himalayas, which now is Nepal. In the thirteenth century this trend came to an almost complete disappearance in India, but had spread successfully in Asia. Buddhism is one of the great religions of the world. It contains a variety of schools, doctrines and practices: Threväda, Mahayana and Vajrayana. Religious authority is based on the sacred texts: The Sutras. Among the deities (considered by some schools as only symbolic figures) include Avalokitésvara, Sákra devänäm Indra, Tarä, Adi-Buda, Amitäbha, Manjushri, Vairochana and others. Buddha was not a god; but was one with great knowledge. The Hindu religion, which has Buddhist origin contemplates divinities. Dakinis; They have the form of a female being with varying degrees of spiritual power and accomplishment. Some are protective. Others are mundane or angry deities, represent the elements of nature and protect the teachings. The Khandro are an honorific title reserved for the wives of masters of Vajrayana and they are also known as gsang-yum, secret wives. The Dharma is a Sanskrit word meaning «protection». By practicing Buddha’s teachings we protect ourselves from suffering. Happiness and suffering are opposite mental states and cannot exist outside the mind. Gautama began a life of meditation under a Bohdi fig tree known as the «tree of wisdom». Gautama experienced the highest degree of consciousness, called Nirvana.